Monday, August 10, 2015

Presurgical Antibiotic Prophylaxis Pattern In An Indian Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital

Authors: Rupinder Kaur, Mohd Tariq Salman, Narendra K. Gupta, Uma Gupta, Ali Ahmad, Vinod K. Verma

The present study was performed to study the antibiotic prophylaxis pattern in patients admitted in Surgery and Obstetrics and Gynaecology wards of a Tertiary Care Teaching hospital in North India. It was an observational, non interventional and analytical study used to evaluate the patients undergoing surgery through period of one and half years. Information concerning demographic data, type of surgery, and parameters of antibiotic therapy (selection of antibiotic, dose, route and duration of therapy as well as cost) was collected from case records of 400 patients. Third generation cephalosporins were the most commonly prescribed class of antibiotics. No consistency was noted in the timing of administration of prophylactic antimicrobials agents which were prescribed 30 minutes to 6 hours before surgery. The dose was not repeated during surgery. Majority of antibiotics were prescribed from Essential Medicines List. Surgical prophylaxis was inappropriate in terms of choice of antimicrobial agent, timing of administration as well as the total duration of prescription, in majority of the cases. Interventions are warranted to promote the development, dissemination and adoption of evidence based guidelines for antimicrobial prophylaxis.

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